|Location:||San Francisco Bay|
|Country:||United States of America|
|Appeared in:||The Rock|
Alcatraz is an abandoned American prison located in the San Francisco Bay.
It was primarily featured in The Rock.
1.5 miles offshore from San Francisco, California the small island was developed with facilities for a lighthouse, a military fortification, a military prison (1868), and a federal prison from 1933 until 1963. Beginning in November 1969, the island was occupied for more than 19 months by a group of Aboriginal peoples from San Francisco who were part of a wave of Native activism across the nation with public protests through the 1970s. In 1972, Alcatraz became a national recreation area and received designation as a protected National Historic Landmark in 1986.
Today, the island's facilities are managed by the National Park Service as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area; it is open to tours. Visitors can reach the island by ferry ride from Pier 33, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco. Hornblower Cruises and Events, operating under the name Alcatraz Cruises, is the official ferry provider to and from the island. Hornblower launched the nation's first hybrid propulsion ferry in 2008, the Hornblower Hybrid, which now serves the island, docking at the Alcatraz Wharf.
It is home to the abandoned prison, the site of the oldest operating lighthouse on the West Coast of the United States, early military fortifications, and natural features such as rock pools and a seabird colony (mostly Western Gulls, cormorants, and egrets). According to a 1971 documentary on the History of Alcatraz, the island measures 1,675 feet by 590 feet.
Landmarks on the island include the Main Cellhouse, Dining Hall, Library, Lighthouse, the ruins of the Warden's House and Officers Club, Parade Grounds, Building 64, Water Tower, New Industries Building, Model Industries Building, and the Recreation Yard.
Alcatraz, at the time, was thought of as a prison marvel, thought to be impossible to escape. In June of 1962, one of the most elaborate escape plans ever devised was created when Frank Morris, a professional prison escapee, and John and Clarance Anglin created papier mache replica heads and used spoons to tunnel into the vents where they escaped outside and made a raft out of raincoats. Their bodies were never found and it is assumed that the men actually escaped, since there have been sightings of them over the years, meaning it is possible that they survived the treacherous journey across the bay. Mythbusters has tested the escape attempt and confirmed that it is possible for the men to have survived. A film based on the escape starring Clint Eastwood, Escape From Alcatraz, was made.